USA - Monterey
The Monterey wine growing region is located in eastern Monterey County, California. It was established in 1984 and runs roughly 100 miles from north of Monterey Bay down to the south at Paso Robles, California, covering approximately 4000ha.
Monterey benefits from its proximity to the Pacific Ocean; the sea water is a cool 55ºF year round. The chilly sea wind and fog blow down the Monterey valley and have a profound impact on the vineyards. Monterey is one of the coolest growing regions in California – perfect for developing ideal flavour, concentration and balance in wines.
In its very long growing season daytime temperatures rarely exceed 24 °C in most parts of the region, although the southern part may sometimes peak at 37 °C. The soil is sandy and most vineyards require extensive irrigation from the Salinas River.
Over 50% of the grapes grown are Chardonnay; in the north Riesling and Pinot Noir are also popular, while the south sees Bordeaux varietals planted.