Italy - Campania
Campania, the “shin” of Italy’s boot, is the wine growing area around Naples where, since Roman times, vines have thrived in the volcanic soils. This harsh environment helped the vines stay Phylloxera free but also led to a decline in winemaking in the region – a trend now thankfully reversed by a new generation of winemakers.
Campania, like many Italian regions, is home an impressive array of grape varieties, some of which are found almost nowhere else on earth. Its most important variety is arguably the red Aglianico; whilst Fiano and Falanghina are noted white grapes.
Campania’s 47,00ha of vines are planted in varied climates and terroirs. Viticulture thrivesthanks to an abundance of sunshine, dry hot summers, mild winters, a long growing season and volcanic soil. The coastal Mediterranean breezes blow in from the Tyrrhenian Sea and across the Apennine Mountains to temper the heat, encouraging a bright acidity in the fruit. These factors also contribute to the varied qualities of Campania wines. For instance, an inland Falanghina grown on slopes where there is more rainfall offers more fragrant notes than those found on the coast, where the climate is continental and tends to be more mellow.