Penedès, to the south and inland of Barcelona, is the region of Spain best identified with Cava but is also the area that has pioneered the planting of non-Spanish varietals. The success had been in retaining an intrinsically Spanish feel to the wines – or rather a Catalan influence.
Spain - Penedes
Penedès is one of the most ancient viticultural areas in Europe. A high percentage of Spain’s organic producers are found here, historically it has been economically an under-invested region so the practice has been not to give the poor soils expensive chemicals.
Penedès is mostly a Mediterranean climate but has a wide variety of micro-climates, due to its proximity to the coast and a varied terrain ranging from sea level to over 800m in the Alt Penedès. The vineyards here rank among the highest in Europe and the native Parellada grape, used mainly for Cava, is the dominant variety.